Bibliographic relationships

Barbara B. Tillet (2001) identifies the following categories of relationships between documents: 

The following figure (from Tillett, 2001) shows a valuable (functional) way of determining the concept of “a work” in the library tradition:











These are not exhaustive. Relationships between citing documents and cited documents may, for example, be  pointed out. According to Garfield (1965/1973, p.85), there exists the following kinds of citation motivations and thus relations between citing documents and cited documents: 






Garfield, E. (1965). Can Citation Indexing be Automated?  In: Stevens, Mary E.; Giuliano, Vincent E; Heilprin, Laurence B., eds.  Statistical Association Methods for Mechanized Documentation, Symposium Proceedings.  1964.  Washington, WA.  Washington, DC: National Bureau of Standards; 1965; 189-192. (National Bureau of Standards Miscellaneous. Publication, 269).  Also published in: Essay of an Information Scientist: 1962-1973. Volume 1.  Philadelphia, PA: ISI Press; 1973.  84-90. (Current Contents 9, march 4 1970).  Also available on the World Wide Web: [October 27th 2000]. 


Tillet, B. (2001). Bibliographic relationships. IN: C. A. Bean & R. Green (Eds.): Relationships in the organization of knowledge (p. 19-35). Dordrecht: Klüwer Academic Publishers.



See also: EntityFRBR;




Birger Hjørland

Last edited: 16-05-2006