Partitive relation

A relation between two concepts where one of the concepts constitutes the whole and the other concept a part of that whole.


Meronymy, partitiv relation, a relation between a whole and its parts.  (A is  part of  B). A meronym is the designation of a constituent part of something or material of something or a member of something. Meronymy is the opposite of holonymy (B has A as a part of itself).






Burkhardt, H. & Dufour, C. A. (1991). Part/Whole I: History. IN: Burkhardt, H., and Smith, B., eds., Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology. München: Philosophia Verlag (pp. 663-673).

Chaffin, R., Herrmann, D. J.  & Winston, M. (1988). An empirical taxonomy of part-whole relations: Effects of part-whole type on relation identification. Language and Cognitive Processes, 3(1). 17-48.

Simons, P. M. (1991). Part/Whole II: Mereology Since 1900. IN:  H. Burkhardt and B. Smith (eds.), Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology, Munich: Philosophia, pp. 209-210.


Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (2006). Meronymy.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (2006). Mereology.




See also: Semantic relations






Birger Hjørland

Last edited: 15-07-2007