XML (Extensible Markup Language)

XML is an open standard for exchanging structured documents and data over the Internet that was introduced by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in November 1996.

XTM is XML Topic Maps






Kekäläinen, J. (2006). XML retrieval and the TRIX case. Presentation at the Royal School of Library and Information Science, Copenhagen, 2006-03-14. Tampere: University of Tampere, Department of Information Studies.


Pepper, S & Moore, G (2000). XML topic maps (XTM) 1.0. Available online at: http://www.topicmaps.org/xtm/1.0/


Pepper, S (2002). The TAO of Topic Maps. Available online at: http://www.ontopia.net/topicmaps/materials/tao.html


Ray, E T (2003). Learning XML. Chapter 2: Markup and core concepts. 49-77. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly. Available online at: http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/learnxml2/chapter/ch02.pdf


Schweiger, R. , Hoelzer, S. , Rudolf, D. , Rieger, J. & Dudeck, J. (2003). Linking clinical data using XML topic maps. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine 28, 103-115.






Birger Hjørland

Last edited: 27-04-2006