Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) is recognized by the American Nurses' Association (ANA) and is included as one data set that will meet the uniform guidelines for information system vendors in the ANA's Nursing Information and Data Set Evaluation Center (NIDSEC). NIC is included in the National Library of Medicine's Metathesaurus for a Unified Medical Language System and the cumulative index of nursing Literature (CINAHL). NIC is also included in the Joint Commission on Accreditation for Health Care Organization's (JCAHO) as one nursing classification system that can be used to meet the standard on uniform data.







Bowker, G. C. (1997). Lest we remember: organizational forgetting and the production of knowledge. Accounting, Management and Information Technologies, 7(3), 113-138. Available at:


Bowker, G. & Star, SL. (2000). Sorting Things Out: Classification and its Consequences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Chapter Seven: What a Difference a Name Makes - The Classification of Nursing Work; Chapter Eight: Organizational Forgetting, Nursing Knowledge, and Classification


Dochterman, J. & Bulechek, G. (Eds.). (2004). Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC). 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby.


McCloskey, J. (1981). Nursing Care Plans and Problem-Oriented Health Records. In Harriet H. Werley and Margaret R. Grier (eds), Nursing Information Systems (120-142). New York: Springer.


McCloskey, J. & Bulechek, G. (1992). Nursing Intervention Schemes. In Papers from the Nursing Minimum Data Set Conference (Pp.77-91). Edmonton, Alberta: The Canadian Nurses Association.


McCloskey, J. & Bulechek, G. (1996). Iowa Intervention Project - Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) Second Edition. St Louis, MO: Mosby.



Nursing Intervention Classification:






Birger Hjørland

Last edited: 13-08-2006